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Timeline of Sydney

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The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
Pre-Colonial
50,000-45,000 BP – Near Penrith, a far western suburb of Sydney, numerous Aboriginal stone tools were found in Cranebrook Terraces gravel sediments dating to this time period; at first when these results were new they were controversial. More recently in 1987 and 2003, dating of the same strata has revised and corroborated these dates. 30,000 BP – Radiocarbon dating suggests human activity occurred in and around the Sydney basin, as evidenced by an archaeological dig in Parramatta, in Western Sydney. The finds show that the Aboriginal Australians in that region used charcoal, stone tools and possible ancient campfires. 21,100-17,800 BP – Stone artifact assemblages dating to this time period discovered in Shaws Creek (near Hawkesbury River) and in Blue Mountains. A rock shelter with flakes dating to this period discovered near Nepean River. 4,000-2,000 BC – The first backed stone artifacts developed, such as blades and spears. The stones would drill, scrape, cut and grind material. They were also associated with woodworking. 1,000-500 BC – Bone and shell usage dating to this period discovered. They would've been attached to fishing spear prongs, which would mean that multi-pronged fishing spears occurred at this time. The evidence of spear-throwing is suggested by an excavated shell in Balmoral Beach.
18th–19th centuries
1770 – Lieutenant (later Captain) James Cook, in command of the HMS Endeavour, sighted the east coast of Australia and landed at a bay in what is now southern Sydney. 1788 – Sydney founded as British penal settlement following arrival of the First Fleet of eleven vessels under the command of Captain Arthur Phillip; French vessels under the command of Lapérouse land in Botany Bay. 1792 – Burial Ground established. 1796 – Population: 2,953. 1797 – Prospect, a western Sydney suburb, became the boundary between colonists and indigenous Australians. Hostility grew where a state of guerrilla warfare existed between indigenous people and the settler communities at Prospect and Parramatta. The aboriginal people were led by their leader, Pemulwuy, a member of the Bidjigal tribe who occupied the land. 1803 – Sydney Gazette newspaper begins publication. 1804 – Fort Philip construction begins. 1808 – Rum Rebellion. 1810 – Macquarie Street laid out. 1816 Royal Botanic Gardens open. Sydney Hospital built. 1817 – Bank of New South Wales established. 1819 – Hyde Park Barracks built. 1820 – Devonshire Street Cemetery established. 1823 – Sydney Royal Easter Show begins. 1824 – St James' Church consecrated. 1825 – New South Wales Legislative Council established in Sydney. 1831 – Weekly Sydney Herald newspaper begins publication. 1833 – Sydney Mechanics' School of Arts founded. 1836 – Australian Museum established. 1837 – Government House and Botany-Sydney aqueduct built. 1838 – David Jones (shop) in business. 1839 – Cockatoo Island...   ... (English)
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Sydney
Sydney
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The Rocks: The Rocks area borders on the Bradfield Highway, leading to the Sydney Harbour Bridge, with the localities of Dawes Point and Millers Point, to the west. It is immediately adjacent to Circular Quay on Sydney Cove, the site of Australia's first European settlement in 1788.
The Rocks: The Rocks area borders on the Bradfield Highway, leading to the Sydney Harbour Bridge, with the localities of Dawes Point and Millers Point, to the west. It is immediately adjacent to Circular Quay on Sydney Cove, the site of Australia's first European settlement in 1788.
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Opera at Night
Opera at Night
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CIRCULAR QUAY
CIRCULAR QUAY
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sydney fire engine
sydney fire engine
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SYDNEY THE ROCKS
SYDNEY THE ROCKS
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HARBOUR BRIDGE
HARBOUR BRIDGE
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