Virtual tour of Český Krumlov. Panorama of Český Krumlov. Maps, travel, photos, videos.

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Description  panorama

Český Krumlov

POI: 48.810556, 14.315000
Český Krumlov (Czech pronunciation: [ˈtʃɛskiː ˈkrumlof]; German: Krummau an der Moldau or Böhmisch Krummau; Krumau; English: Crumlaw,), sometimes translated as Czech Crumlaw, is a small city in the South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic where Český Krumlov Castle is located. Old Český Krumlov is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and was given this status along with the historic Prague castle district. The city is named Český Krumlov ("Bohemian Crumlaw") to differentiate it from Moravský Krumlov in South Moravia.
History
Construction of the town and castle began around 1240 by the Vítkovci at a ford in the Vltava River, at an important trade route in Bohemia. It was first mentioned in 1253 as Chrumbenowe. A legend says that the name derives from the German "Krumme Aue" which can be translated as "crooked meadow". In 1302 the town and castle were acquired by the House of Rosenberg. The majority of inhabitants were German at that time. For 1336 it can be expected that Czechs were only a small minority, who had their own priest. In late 15th century, when gold was found next to the town, German miners came to settle, which shifted the ethnic balance even more. In the parochial church the sermons were preached in Czech until 1788, when St. Jošt Church was abolished. Emperor Rudolf II bought Krumlov in 1602 and gave it to his natural son Julius d’Austria. Emperor Ferdinand II gave Krumlov to the House of Eggenberg and the town was seat of Duchy of Krumlov. From 1719 until 1945 the castle belonged to the House of Schwarzenberg. Most of the architecture of the old town and castle dates from the 14th through 17th centuries; the town's structures are mostly in Gothic, Renaissance, and Baroque styles. The core of the old town is within a horseshoe bend of the river, with the old Latrán neighborhood and castle on the other side of the Vltava. 8,662 inhabitants lived in Krummau an der Moldau in 1910, including 7,367 Germans and 1,295 Czechs. After the First World War the city was part of the Bohemian Forest Region which declared to be part of German-Austria. By the end of 1918 the Czechoslovak army occupied the region. During the interwar era it was part of Czechoslovakia. In 1938 it was annexed by Nazi Germany, as part of the Sudetenland according to the Munich agreement. Between 1938 and 1945 it was part of the Reichsgau Oberdonau. After World War II the town's German-speaking population were expelled and it was returned to Czechoslovakia. During the Communist era of Czechoslovakia, Krumlov fell into disrepair, but since the Velvet Revolution of 1989 much of the town's former beauty has been restored, and it is now a major holiday destination popular with tourists from Germany, Austria and beyond, as far as China. In August, 2002, the town suffered from damage in the great flood of the Vltava River.
Sights
Castle
Český Krumlov Castle is unusually large for a town of Krumlov's size; within the Czech Republic it is second in extent only to the...   ... (English)
Český Krumlov - Deutsch -> English  Nederlandse -> English  Français -> English  Polska -> English  Italiano -> English  Español -> English  Català -> English  České -> English  Português -> English  Norske -> English  Svenska -> English  Magyar -> English  Suomalainen -> English  
Чески-Крумлов - Русский -> English  
Чеський Крумлов - Український -> English  
チェスキー・クルムロフ - 日本語 -> English  
Чешки Крумлов - Српска -> English  
Česky Krumlovas - Lietuvos -> English  
捷克克鲁姆洛夫 - 简体中文 -> English  
by Panoramio
La' dove nascono le fiabe - The place where fairy tales come from #Contest September
La' dove nascono le fiabe - The place where fairy tales come from #Contest September
Vittorio Zanoni
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Noční Krumlov
Noční Krumlov
Lukas Novak
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River Story (Cesky Krumlov)
River Story (Cesky Krumlov)
Lukas Novak
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Cesky Krumlov at Dusk
Cesky Krumlov at Dusk
Lukas Novak
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Fortified Beauty
Fortified Beauty
Lukas Novak
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Český Krumlov
Český Krumlov
Zabb Csaba
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Castle at Night
Castle at Night
Zabb Csaba
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Nearby sights  panorama