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Porvoo (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈporʋoː]; Swedish: Borgå [ˈbɔrɡo]) is a city and a municipality situated on the southern coast of Finland approximately 50 kilometres (30 mi) east of Helsinki. Porvoo is one of the six medieval towns in Finland, first mentioned as a city in texts from 14th century. Porvoo is the seat of the Swedish-speaking Diocese of Borgå of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland. The municipality's official languages are Finnish and Swedish. In 2014, 64.6% of the population spoke Finnish as their mother tongue, while 30.1% were Swedish speakers. 5.4% had a different mother tongue. Neighbouring municipalities: Askola, Loviisa, Myrskylä, Pornainen and Sipoo.
HistoryPorvoo was first mentioned in documents in the early 14th century, and Porvoo was given city rights around 1380, even though according to some sources the city was founded in 1346. The old city of Porvoo was formally disestablished and the new city of Porvoo founded in 1997 when the city of Porvoo and the Rural municipality of Porvoo were consolidated. When Sweden lost the city of Viborg to Russia in 1721, the episcopal seat was moved to Porvoo. At this time, Porvoo was the second largest city in Finland. After the conquest of Finland by Russian armies in 1808 Sweden had to cede Finland to Russia in 1809 (the Treaty of Fredrikshamn). The Diet of Porvoo in 1809 was a landmark in the History of Finland. The Tsar Alexander I confirmed the new Finnish constitution (which was essentially the Swedish constitution from 1772), and made Finland an autonomous Grand Duchy. The Porvoo Common Statement is a report issued at the conclusion of theological conversations by official representatives of four Anglican Churches and eight Nordic and Baltic Lutheran Churches in 1989–1992. It established the Porvoo Communion, so named after the Porvoo Cathedral where the Eucharist was celebrated on the final Sunday of the conversations leading to the Statement.
NameThe town received its name from a Swedish earth fortress near the river Porvoonjoki which flows through the town. The name Porvoo is the Fennicised version of the Swedish name (Borgå) and its parts of borg meaning "castle" and å "river".
PoliticsResults of the Finnish parliamentary election, 2015 in Porvoo: Swedish People's Party 27.3% Social Democratic Party 16% National Coalition Party 15.4% True Finns 14.6% Centre Party 10.9% Green League 7.9% Left Alliance 4.2% Christian Democrats 1.8% Distribution of the city council seats following the Finnish municipal elections, 2012: Swedish People's Party 16 Social Democratic Party 12 National Coalition Party 9 True Finns 6 Green League 4 Centre Party 2 Left Alliance 1 Christian Democrats 1
Urban developmentThe town is famed for its "Old Town" (Gamla Stan in Swedish), a dense medieval street pattern with predominantly wooden houses. The Old Town came close to being demolished in the 19th century by a new urban plan for the city. The plan was cancelled due to... ... (English)
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