Virtual tour of Turku. Panorama of Turku. Maps, travel, photos, videos.

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Description  panorama

Turku

POI: 60.451389, 22.266667
Turku (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈturku]; Swedish: Åbo [ˈoːbʊ]) is a city on the southwest coast of Finland at the mouth of the Aura River, in the region of Southwest Finland. Turku, as a town, was settled during the 13th century and founded most likely at the end of the 13th century, making it the oldest city in Finland. It quickly became the most important city in Finland, a status it retained for hundreds of years. After Finland became part of the Russian Empire (1809) and the capital of the Grand Duchy of Finland was moved to Helsinki (1812), Turku continued to be the most populous city in Finland until the end of the 1840s, and it remains a regional capital and an important business and cultural center. Because of its long history, it has been the site of many important events, and has extensively influenced Finnish history. Along with Tallinn, the capital city of Estonia, Turku was designated the European Capital of Culture for 2011. In 1996, it was declared the official Christmas City of Finland. Due to its location, Turku is a notable commercial and passenger seaport with over three million passengers traveling through the Port of Turku each year to Stockholm and Mariehamn. As of 30 September 2014, the population of Turku was 183,811, making it the sixth largest city in Finland. As of 31 August 2008, there were 303,492 inhabitants living in the Turku sub-region, ranking it as the third largest urban area in Finland after the Greater Helsinki area and Tampere sub-region. The city is officially bilingual as 5.2 percent of its population identify Swedish as a mother-tongue.
Etymology
The Finnish name Turku originates from an Old East Slavic word, tǔrgǔ, meaning "market place". The word turku still means "market place" in some idioms in Finnish. The Swedish word for "market place" is torg, and was probably borrowed from Old East Slavic, and was present already in Old Swedish. The Swedish name Åbo may be a simple combination of å ("river; creek; large stream") and bo ("dwelling"). As this pattern does not appear in any other Swedish place names in Finland, etymologists believe there could be a different explanation. One theory is that it comes from "Aabo", the Finnish rendition of the Russian "Avram" (Abraham), which could also be the origin of the name of the river Aura. There is however an old legal term called "åborätt" (meaning roughly "right to live at"), which gave citizens (called "åbo") the inheritable right to live at land owned by the crown. In Finnish, the genitive of Turku is Turun, meaning "of Turku". The Finnish names of organizations and institutes of Turku often begin with this word, as in Turun yliopisto for the University of Turku.
History
Turku has a long history as Finland's largest city and occasionally as the administrative center of the country, but for the last two hundred years has been surpassed by Helsinki. The city's identity stems from its status as the oldest city in Finland and the country's first capital...   ... (English)
Turku - Deutsch -> English  Nederlandse -> English  Français -> English  Polska -> English  Italiano -> English  Español -> English  Català -> English  České -> English  Português -> English  Lietuvos -> English  Magyar -> English  Danske -> English  Suomalainen -> English  
Турку - Русский -> English  Український -> English  Српска -> English  
トゥルク - 日本語 -> English  
Åbo - Norske -> English  Svenska -> English  
圖爾庫 - 简体中文 -> English  
by Panoramio
Yliopistonkatu
Yliopistonkatu
Jukka Tiitinen
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388 Turku, Auragatan
388 Turku, Auragatan
Daniel Meyer
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Violín con Alma........Stradivarius
Violín con Alma........Stradivarius
Juanadarco
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Turku - Aurakatu
Turku - Aurakatu
Samfu
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Market square of Turku  03.07.2009
Market square of Turku 03.07.2009
photoshooter86
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The horse of luck
The horse of luck
J. Parkkinen
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The statue of Lenin
The statue of Lenin
J. Parkkinen
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