Virtual tour of Lille. Panorama of Lille. Maps, travel, photos, videos.

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Lille

POI: 50.637222, 3.063333
Lille (French pronunciation: [lil]; Dutch: Rijsel pronounced [ˈrɛi̯səl]; West Flemish: Rysel) is a city in northern France, in French Flanders. On the Deûle River, near France's border with Belgium, it is the capital of the Hauts-de-France region and the prefecture of the Nord department. As of 2009, Lille had a population of 226,827 within its administrative limits, and an urban population of 1,015,744, making it the fourth largest urban area in France after Paris, Lyon and Marseille.
History
Origin of the city
Archeological digs seem to show the area as inhabited by as early as 2000 BC, most notably in the modern-day quartiers of Fives, Wazemmes, and Vieux Lille. The original inhabitants of this region were the Gauls, such as the Menapians, the Morins, the Atrebates, and the Nervians, who were followed by Germanic peoples: the Saxons, the Frisians and the Franks. The legend of "Lydéric and Phinaert" puts the foundation of the city of Lille at 640. In the 8th century, the language of Old Low Franconian was spoken here, as attested by toponymic research. Lille's Dutch name is Rijsel, which comes from ter ijsel (at the island). The French equivalent has the same meaning: Lille comes from l'île (the island). From 830 until around 910, the Vikings invaded Flanders. After the destruction caused by Norman and Magyar invasion, the eastern part of the region was ruled by various local princes. The first mention of the town dates from 1066: apud Insulam (Latin for "at the island"). At the time, it was controlled by the County of Flanders, as were the regional cities (the Roman cities Boulogne, Arras, Cambrai as well as the Carolingian cities Valenciennes, Saint-Omer, Ghent and Bruges). The County of Flanders thus extended to the left bank of the Scheldt, one of the richest and most prosperous regions of Europe.
Middle Ages
A notable local in this period was Évrard, who lived in the 9th century and participated in many of the day's political and military affairs. There was an important Battle of Lille in 1054. From the 12th century, the fame of the Lille cloth fair began to grow. In 1144 Saint-Sauveur parish was formed, which would give its name to the modern-day quartier Saint-Sauveur. The counts of Flanders, Boulogne, and Hainaut came together with England and East Frankia and tried to regain territory taken by Philip II of France following Henry II of England's death, a war that ended with the French victory at Bouvines in 1214. Infante Ferdinand, Count of Flanders was imprisoned and the county fell into dispute: it would be his wife, Jeanne, Countess of Flanders and Constantinople, who ruled the city. She was said to be well loved by the residents of Lille, who by that time numbered 10,000. In 1225, the street performer and juggler Bertrand Cordel, doubtlessly encouraged by local lords, tried to pass himself off as Baldwin I of Constantinople (the father of Jeanne of Flanders), who had disappeared at the battle of Adrianople. He pushed...   ... (English)
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by Panoramio
France, Lille la place du Général de Gaulle en jaune le Coq Hardi
France, Lille la place du Général de Gaulle en jaune le Coq Hardi
Roger-11
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France, Lille place du Général de Gaulle l'ancienne Bourse
France, Lille place du Général de Gaulle l'ancienne Bourse
Roger-11
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gor2_01
gor2_01
Vladymyr Bysov
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France, ville de Lille, sur la place la grande roue pour les fêtes de fin d'année 2006
France, ville de Lille, sur la place la grande roue pour les fêtes de fin d'année 2006
Roger-11
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France, Lille le beffroi de la chambre du commerce
France, Lille le beffroi de la chambre du commerce
Roger-11
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France, Lille la place du Général De Gaulle avec l'ancienne Bourse
France, Lille la place du Général De Gaulle avec l'ancienne Bourse
Roger-11
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Toits du vieux Lille déc 2007
Toits du vieux Lille déc 2007
Annick Demolin
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