Virtual tour of Fougères. Panorama of Fougères. Maps, travel, photos, videos.

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Fougères

POI: 48.352500, -1.198600
Fougères (French pronunciation: ​[fuʒɛʁ]; Breton: Felger; Gallo: Foujerr) is a commune and a sub-prefecture of the Ille-et-Vilaine department in Brittany in northwestern France. Its inhabitants are called the Fougerais and the Fougeraises. At the 2012 census Fougères had 20,040 inhabitants. The Fougères area comprises approximately 88,000 inhabitants and is currently in a process of growth, unlike the town centre.
Toponymy
Fougères is a town on the edge of Brittany, Maine and Normandy and named after a fern (see also fougère), or from "fous" which means "fossé" ["gap"] (in Brittany and Normandy, a gap is a terrace of land formed by the excavations made on each side of the terrace, and serving as a separation between two properties). The town of Fougères is mentioned in the chorus of the song La Blanche Hermine, by Gilles Servat. The author uses it as a symbol of the Breton resistance where it is adjacent to the town of Clisson in the Loire-Atlantique. Fougères is historically, since the arrival of Latin in Armorica, a Gallo word in which the territory is called Foujerr. Its Breton name is Felger. Entry signs to the agglomeration have carried this name for several years. One of the two bagad of the city takes this name: Bagad Bro Felger and the Diwan school, opened in 2013, is also called Skol Diwan bro Felger.
History
Prehistory
The presence of many megalithic monuments, particularly in the Forest of Fougères, suggests that the area was already inhabited in the Neolithic era (5000 to 2000 years BC).
Middle Ages
The creation of Fougères dates back to the Middle Ages. The first mention of the Château de Fougères is found towards the end of the 10th century. At the time, it was a simple wooden fortification located on a rocky ridge, whose position favourably dominated the Nançon Valley and the surrounding marshes. Fougères was at the crossing of two Roman roads, one from Chartres to Carhaix and the other of Avranches to Nantes. From the 12th century, the population moved away from the shore of the Nançon and the city grew in height, divided into two parishes: Saint-Sulpice for the lower town and Saint-Léonard for the upper town. Since the Middle Ages, crafts developed around the tannery, the weavers and the drapers in the lower town. Built in the 11th century by the Lords of Fougères, the first fortification, defended by Raoul II (1130–1194), was taken by Henry II of England in 1166 and destroyed. Raoul II, stubborn, rebuilt a more imposing structure, and it became a stronghold defending the borders of Brittany, from Mont Saint-Michel to Nantes. However, the geographical position and the interests of the Lords of Fougères often tipped in favour of the Kingdom of France. When Raoul III offered its possession to Saint Louis, the Breton prince Pierre Mauclerc captured the city in 1231, which was then taken over by the king. The daughter of Raoul III, Jeanne de Fougères, married to Hugh XII of Lusignan, undertook new fortification...   ... (English)
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by Panoramio
Casas embigadas,Fougeres, SC
Casas embigadas,Fougeres, SC
Sebastián Cebrián
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Fougères
Fougères
Hans Hartings
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Castello e borgo antico, Fougères, agosto 2001
Castello e borgo antico, Fougères, agosto 2001
Marco Ferrari
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Castello di Fougéres, statue, agosto 2001
Castello di Fougéres, statue, agosto 2001
Marco Ferrari
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Castello di Fougéres, agosto 2001
Castello di Fougéres, agosto 2001
Marco Ferrari
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reflet narcissique
reflet narcissique
bettyzimmermann
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Château de Fougères
Château de Fougères
♫ Chantal ♫
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