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Pierre Gaveaux

POI: 48.856667, 2.351944
Pierre Gaveaux (9 October 1761 – 5 February 1825) was a French operatic tenor and composer, notable for creating the role of Jason in Cherubini's Médée and for composing Leonore ou l'amour conjugal, the first operatic version of the story that later found fame as Fidelio.
Early life
Gaveaux was born in Béziers and sang in the cathedral choir there from the age of seven. Although intending to enter the priesthood, he also took lessons in composition. He next became first tenor at the Basilica of Saint-Seurin in Bordeaux, studying with Franz Beck, and subsequently decided to follow a career in music, becoming a conductor at the Grand Théâtre de Bordeaux as well as continuing to sing.
Career as a singer
After a period in Montpellier, he moved to Paris where, on 26 January 1789, he took part in a performance of Giacomo Tritto's Le Avventure Amorose, which marked the inauguration of the Théâtre de Monsieur company in the Salle des Machines at the Tuileries Palace. He subsequently performed with the company in operas such as Paisiello's L’Infante de Zamora (in 1789), and on 18 July 1791 he sang the role of Floresky in the première of Cherubini's Lodoïska. When the company moved to the Théâtre Feydeau, he was involved in a "folly in verse" called Le club des bonnes gens which was banned by the censor for being unpatriotic. He was active during the revolutionary period, composing in 1792 a hymn to the Supreme Being. On 19 January 1795, his famous Jacobin song Le Réveil du peuple (The Awakening of the People), to words by Jean-Marie Souriguière de Saint-Marc, was first performed. Notwithstanding the banning of the song on 8 January 1796 by the Directoire, he continued his career in opera, appearing in François Devienne's Les visitandines, and creating the role of Jason in Cherubini's Médée on 13 March 1797.
Operas
Gaveaux's first opera, L'amour filial (1792), was a success in Paris and was performed throughout Europe: Brussels, Cologne and Rotterdam in 1795, Bern and Moscow in 1809, Berlin and Hamburg (in a German translation) in 1796. His most famous opera, Léonore, ou L’amour conjugal, premièred in 1798, with Gaveaux himself in the role of Florestan and Julie-Angélique Scio as Léonore. It is best known today because the libretto (by Jean-Nicolas Bouilly) served as the basis for Beethoven's only opera, Fidelio. Other operas by Gaveaux that were popular in their day include Sophie et Moncars, Le bouffe et le tailleur and Monsieur Des Chalumeaux, and in 1808 he composed L'échelle de soie to a translation of the libretto which Giuseppe Maria Foppa had written for Rossini's La scala di seta.
Chronological list of operas
L'amour filial, 1792 Le paria ou La chaumière indienne, 1792 Les deux ermites, 1793 La partie carrée, 1793 La famille indigente, 1794 Sophronime ou La reconnaissance, 1795 Delmon et Nadine, 1795 La gasconnade, 1795 Le petit matelot ou Le mariage impromptu, 1796 Lise et Colin ou La surveillance inutile, 1796 Tout par hasard...   ... (English)
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The Hôtel de Ville (French for "City Hall"), Paris
The Hôtel de Ville (French for "City Hall"), Paris
S.M Tunli - www.tunliweb.no
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雕塑 Sculpture
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In Seine
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Paris, quai de Seine, la Conciergerie au crépuscule.
Paris, quai de Seine, la Conciergerie au crépuscule.
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Ile de la Cité depuis les quais
Ile de la Cité depuis les quais
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