Virtual tour of Paris massacre of 1961. Panorama of Paris massacre of 1961. Maps, travel, photos, videos.

 [+]
Description  panorama

Paris massacre of 1961

POI: 48.856578, 2.351828
The Paris massacre of 1961 occurred on 17 October 1961, during the Algerian War (1954–62). Under orders from the head of the Parisian police, Maurice Papon, the French National Police attacked a demonstration of some 30,000 pro-National Liberation Front (FLN) Algerians. Two months before, the FLN had decided to increase its bombing in France and to resume the campaign against both pro-France Algerians and the rival Algerian nationalist organization, the Algerian National Movement in France. After 37 years of denial, in 1998 the French government acknowledged 40 deaths, although there are estimates of 100 to 300 victims. The massacre appears to have been intentional, as has been demonstrated by historian Jean-Luc Einaudi, who won a trial against Maurice Papon in 1999 – the latter was convicted in 1998 on charges of crimes against humanity for his role under the Vichy collaborationist regime during World War II. Official documentation and eyewitnesses within the Paris police department indeed suggest that the massacre was directed by Papon. Police records show that Papon called for officers in one station to be "subversive" in quelling the demonstrations, and assured them protection from prosecution if they participated. Forty years later, Bertrand Delanoë, the Socialist Mayor of Paris, put a plaque in remembrance of the massacre on the Saint-Michel bridge on 17 October 2001. How many demonstrators were killed is still unclear. In the absence of official estimates, the placard which commemorates the massacre stated: "In memory of the many Algerians killed during the bloody repression of the peaceful demonstration of 17 October 1961". On 18 February 2007 (the day after Papon's death), calls were made for a Paris Métro station under construction in Gennevilliers to be named "17 Octobre 1961" in commemoration of the massacre.
Background
On 17 October 1961, the massacre took place in the context of the Algerian War (1954–62), which had become more and more violent over the years. After de Gaulle's equivocal return to power during the May 1958 crisis and his sudden change of policy concerning Algerian independence, the OAS used all possible means to oppose the National Liberation Front (FLN), which took the war to the metropolis where it was helped by some activists such as the Jeanson network. The repression by French authorities, both in Algeria and in metropolitan France, was very harsh.
The French National Police
According to historian Jean-Luc Einaudi, a specialist on the massacre, some of the causes of the violent repression of the 17 October 1961 demonstration can best be understood in terms of the composition of the French police force itself, which still included many former members of the force in place during the World War II Vichy regime which had collaborated with the Gestapo to detain Jews, as for example in the Vel' d'Hiv Roundup of 16–17 July 1942. The vast majority of police officers suspended after the Liberation of Paris...   ... (English)
Massaker von Paris - Deutsch -> English  
Парижский погром - Русский -> English  
Massacre du 17 octobre 1961 - Français -> English  
Masakra paryska - Polska -> English  
Masacre de París (1961) - Español -> English  
Pařížský masakr 1961 - České -> English  
Massakren i Paris i 1961 - Norske -> English  
Massakern i Paris 1961 - Svenska -> English  
Pariisin verilöyly - Suomalainen -> English  
by Panoramio
lightsources
lightsources
ch. bebessi
go place
The Hôtel de Ville (French for "City Hall"), Paris
The Hôtel de Ville (French for "City Hall"), Paris
S.M Tunli - www.tunliweb.no
go place
雕塑 Sculpture
雕塑 Sculpture
Pozlp风格
go place
In Seine
In Seine
JeffSullivanPhotography
go place
loneliness
loneliness
ch. bebessi
go place
Paris, quai de Seine, la Conciergerie au crépuscule.
Paris, quai de Seine, la Conciergerie au crépuscule.
Laurent Bois-Mariage
go place
Ile de la Cité depuis les quais
Ile de la Cité depuis les quais
Philippe Stoop
go place