Virtual tour of Chartres. Panorama of Chartres. Maps, travel, photos, videos.

 [+]
Description  panorama

Chartres

POI: 48.455847, 1.484184
Chartres (French pronunciation: ​[ʃaʁtʁ]) is a commune and capital of the Eure-et-Loir department in France. It is located 96 km (60 mi) southwest of Paris. This city is well known for its cathedral.
History
Chartres was in Gaul one of the principal towns of the Carnutes, a Celtic tribe. In the Gallo-Roman period, it was called Autricum, name derived from the river Autura (Eure), and afterwards civitas Carnutum, "city of the Carnutes", from which Chartres got its name. The city was burned by the Normans in 858, and unsuccessfully besieged by them in 911. During the Middle Ages, it was the most important town of the Beauce. It gave its name to a county which was held by the counts of Blois, and the counts of Champagne, and afterwards by the House of Châtillon, a member of which sold it to the Crown in 1286. In 1417, during the Hundred Years' War, Chartres fell into the hands of the English, from whom it was recovered in 1432. In 1528, it was raised to the rank of a duchy by Francis I. In 1568, during the Wars of Religion, Chartres was unsuccessfully besieged by the Huguenot leader, the Prince of Condé. It was finally taken by the royal troops of Henry IV on 19 April 1591. On Sunday, 27 February 1594, the cathedral of Chartres was the site of the coronation of Henry IV after he converted to the Catholic faith, the only king of France whose coronation ceremony was not performed in Reims. In 1674, Louis XIV raised Chartres from a duchy to a duchy peerage in favor of his nephew, Duke Philippe II of Orléans. The title of Duke of Chartres was hereditary in the House of Orléans, and given to the eldest son of the Duke of Orléans. In the 1870-1871 Franco-Prussian War, Chartres was seized by the Germans on 2 October 1870, and continued during the rest of the war to be an important centre of operations. In World War II, the city suffered heavy damage by bombing and during the battle of Chartres in August 1944, but its cathedral was spared by an American Army officer who challenged the order to destroy it. On 16 August 1944, Colonel Welborn Barton Griffith, Jr. questioned the necessity of destroying the cathedral and volunteered to go behind enemy lines to find out whether the Germans were using it as an observation post. With his driver, Griffith proceeded to the cathedral and, after searching it all the way up its bell tower, confirmed to Headquarters that it was empty of Germans. The order to destroy the cathedral was withdrawn. Colonel Griffith was killed in action later on that day in the town of Lèves, 3.5 kilometres (2.2 miles) north of Chartres. For his heroic action both at Chartres and Lèves, Colonel Griffith received, posthumously, several decorations awarded by the President of the United States and the U.S. Military, and also from the French government Following deep reconnaissance missions in the region by the 3rd Cavalry Group and units of the 1139 Engineer Combat Group, and after heavy fighting in and around the city, Chartres was liberated...   ... (English)
Chartres - Deutsch -> English  Nederlandse -> English  Français -> English  Polska -> English  Italiano -> English  Español -> English  Català -> English  České -> English  Português -> English  Norske -> English  Svenska -> English  Magyar -> English  Danske -> English  Suomalainen -> English  
Шартр - Русский -> English  Український -> English  Српска -> English  
シャルトル - 日本語 -> English  
Šartras - Lietuvos -> English  
沙特尔 - 简体中文 -> English  
by Panoramio
Chartres-  Notre-Dame  Cathedral -  Back side gardens -The labyrinth
Chartres- Notre-Dame Cathedral - Back side gardens -The labyrinth
Daniela Brocca
go place
Cattedrale di Chartres - Vetrata del Figliol prodigo (nel coro)
Cattedrale di Chartres - Vetrata del Figliol prodigo (nel coro)
Ilda Casati
go place
Chartres cathedral roof from steeple
Chartres cathedral roof from steeple
kamalyn
go place
The giant Cathedral of Chartres
The giant Cathedral of Chartres
Eric Medvet
go place
Chartres / place chatelet @titof
Chartres / place chatelet @titof
titof
go place
roman beauties
roman beauties
perinic
go place
Chartres street scene
Chartres street scene
kamalyn
go place