Virtual tour of Lyon. Panorama of Lyon. Maps, travel, photos, videos.

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Lyon

POI: 45.759723, 4.842223
Lyon or (more archaically) Lyons (UK /liːˈɒn/ or /ˈliːɒn/; French pronunciation: [ljɔ̃], locally: [lijɔ̃]; Arpitan: Liyon [ʎjɔ̃]) is a city in east-central France, in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, about 470 km (292 mi) from Paris and 320 km (199 mi) from Marseille. Inhabitants of the city are called Lyonnais. Lyon had a population of 500,715 in 2013 and is France's third-largest city after Paris and Marseille. Lyon is the capital of the Metropolis of Lyon and the region of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes. The metropolitan area of Lyon had a population of 2,237,676 in 2013, the second-largest in France after Paris. The city is known for its cuisine and gastronomy and historical and architectural landmarks and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Lyon was historically an important area for the production and weaving of silk. It played a significant role in the history of cinema: Auguste and Louis Lumière invented the cinematographe in Lyon. The city is also known for its famous light festival, Fête des Lumières, which occurs every 8 December and lasts for four days, earning Lyon the title of Capital of Lights. Economically, Lyon is a major centre for banking, as well as for the chemical, pharmaceutical, and biotech industries. The city contains a significant software industry with a particular focus on video games, and in recent years has fostered a growing local start-up sector. Lyon hosts the international headquarters of Interpol, Euronews, and International Agency for Research on Cancer. Lyon was ranked 19th globally and second in France for innovation in 2014. It ranked second in France and 39th globally in Mercer's 2015 liveability rankings.
History
According to the historian Dio Cassius, in 43 BC, the Roman Senate ordered Munatius Plancus and Lepidus, lieutenants of the assassinated Julius Caesar and governors of central and Transalpine Gaul, respectively, to found a settlement for a group of Roman refugees. These refugees had been expelled from Vienne (a town about 30 km [19 mi] to the south) by the Allobroges and were now encamped at the confluence of the Saône and Rhône rivers. Dio Cassius says this task was to keep the two men from joining Mark Antony and bringing their armies into the developing conflict. The Roman foundation was at Fourvière hill and was officially called Colonia Copia Felix Munatia, a name invoking prosperity and the blessing of the gods. The city became increasingly referred to as Lugdunum (and occasionally Lugudunum). The earliest translation of this Gaulish place-name as "Desired Mountain" is offered by the 9th-century Endlicher Glossary. In contrast, some modern scholars have proposed a Gaulish hill-fort named Lug[o]dunon, after the Celtic god Lugus ('Light', cognate with Old Irish Lugh, Modern Irish Lú), and dúnon (hill-fort). Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa recognized that Lugdunum's position on the natural highway from northern to south-eastern France made it a natural communications hub, and he made Lyon the starting point...   ... (English)
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by Panoramio
Fête des Lumières 2007, la préfecture
Fête des Lumières 2007, la préfecture
Pierre-Jean Durieu
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Hotel Dieu - C'est très jolie [ENLARGE IT] - Sept. Contest Scenery
Hotel Dieu - C'est très jolie [ENLARGE IT] - Sept. Contest Scenery
Alberto R. Gomez
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Pont Lafayette
Pont Lafayette
Pierre-Jean Durieu
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Celui qui court...
Celui qui court...
hlegallais
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Juste un moment de réflexion.
Juste un moment de réflexion.
hlegallais
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Pont de l'Université - Couchers de soleil spectaculaires [ENLARGE IT] - Sept. Contest Scenery
Pont de l'Université - Couchers de soleil spectaculaires [ENLARGE IT] - Sept. Contest Scenery
Alberto R. Gomez
go place
Pont de la Guillotiere - Tempête imminente [ENLARGE IT] - Sept. Contest Scenery
Pont de la Guillotiere - Tempête imminente [ENLARGE IT] - Sept. Contest Scenery
Alberto R. Gomez
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