Virtual tour of Grenoble. Panorama of Grenoble. Maps, travel, photos, videos.

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Grenoble

POI: 45.187778, 5.726945
Grenoble (/ɡrəˈnoʊbəl/; French pronunciation: ​[ɡʁə.nɔbl]; Arpitan: Grenoblo) is a city in southeastern France, at the foot of the French Alps where the river Drac joins the Isère. Located in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, Grenoble is the capital of the department of Isère. The city advertises itself as the "Capital of the Alps", due to its size and its proximity to the mountains. Grenoble's history goes back more than 2,000 years, at a time when it was a small Gallic village. It gained somewhat in stature by becoming the capital of the Dauphiné in the 11th century, but Grenoble remained for most of its history a modest parliamentary and garrison city on the borders of the kingdom of France. Industrial development increased the prominence of Grenoble, through several periods of economic expansion over the last three centuries. This started with a booming glove industry in the 18th and 19th centuries, continued with the development of a strong hydropower industry in the late 19th to early 20th centuries, and ended with a post-World War II economic boom symbolized by the holding of the X Olympic Winter Games in 1968. The city is now a significant scientific centre in Europe. The population of the city (commune) of Grenoble was 160,215 at the 2013 census, while the population of the Grenoble metropolitan area (French: aire urbaine de Grenoble or "agglomération grenobloise") was 664,832. The residents of the city are called "Grenoblois". The many communes that make up the metropolitan area include three suburbs with populations exceeding 20,000, Saint-Martin-d'Hères, Échirolles, and Fontaine.
History
For the ecclesiastical history, see Bishopric of Grenoble.
Antiquity
The first references to Grenoble date back to 43 BC. Cularo was at that time a little Gallic village founded by the Allobroges tribe near a bridge across the Isère River. Three centuries later and with insecurity rising in the late Roman empire, a strong wall was built around the small town in 286 AD. The Emperor Gratian visited Cularo and, touched by the people's welcome, made the village a Roman city. In honour of this, Cularo was renamed Gratianopolis ("city of Gratian") in 381 (leading to Graignovol during the Middle Age and then Grenoble). Christianity spread to the region during the 4th century, and the diocese of Grenoble was founded in 377 AD. From that time on, the bishops exercised significant political power over the city. Until the French Revolution, they styled themselves the "bishops and princes of Grenoble".
Middle Ages
After the collapse of the Roman Empire, the city was part of the first Burgundian kingdom in the 5th century and the second Burgundian Kingdom of Arles until 1032, when it was integrated into the Holy Roman Empire. Arletian rule was interrupted between 942 and 970 due to Arabic rule based in Fraxinet. Grenoble grew significantly in the 11th century when the Counts of Albon chose the city as the capital of their territories. At the time...   ... (English)
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by Panoramio
Grenoble
Grenoble
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Place Victor Hugo, Grenoble, Isère, Rhône-Alpes
Place Victor Hugo, Grenoble, Isère, Rhône-Alpes
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Grenoble, Isère, Rhône-Alpes
Grenoble, Isère, Rhône-Alpes
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I've got the Moon. It is for you Rafl
I've got the Moon. It is for you Rafl
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Halles Saint-Claire, Grenoble. Isère, Rhône-Alpes. France
Halles Saint-Claire, Grenoble. Isère, Rhône-Alpes. France
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Isère Préfecture, Grenoble. Isère, Rhône-Alpes. France
Isère Préfecture, Grenoble. Isère, Rhône-Alpes. France
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Hotel des troupes de montagnes, Grenoble. Isère, Rhône-Alpes. France
Hotel des troupes de montagnes, Grenoble. Isère, Rhône-Alpes. France
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