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Department of Health (United Kingdom)
POI: 51.502500, -0.125278
The Department of Health (DH) is the Ministerial Department of the United Kingdom Government responsible for government policy on health and adult social care matters in England, along with a few elements of the same matters which are not otherwise devolved to the Scottish Government, Welsh Government or Northern Ireland Executive. It oversees the English National Health Service (NHS). The Department is led by the Secretary of State for Health with a Minister of State and four Parliamentary Under-Secretaries of State. The Department of Health develops policies and guidelines to improve the quality of care and to meet patient expectations. The Department carries out some of its work through arms-length bodies (ALBs), including executive non-departmental public bodies such as NHS England and the NHS Digital, and executive agencies such as Public Health England and the Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA).
HistoryThe Department of Health was formally created in 1988, through The Transfer of Functions (Health and Social Security) Order. Like many others, the Department with responsibility for the nation's health has had different names and included other functions over time. In the 19th century, several bodies were formed for specific consultative duties and dissolved when they were no longer required. There were two incarnations of the Board of Health (in 1805 and 1831) and a General Board of Health (1854 to 1858) that reported directly into the Privy Council. Responsibility for health issues was also at times, and in part, vested in local health boards and, with the emergence of modern local government, with the Local Government Act Office, part of the Home Office. In the early part of the 20th century, medical assistance was provided through National Health Insurance Commissions. The first body which could be called a department of government was the Ministry of Health, created in 1919 through the Ministry of Health Act, consolidating under a single authority the medical and public health functions of central government. The co-ordination of local medical services was expanded in connection with emergency and wartime services, from 1935 to 1945, and these developments culminated in the establishment of the NHS in 1948. In 1968, the Ministry of Health was dissolved and its functions transferred (along with those of the similarly dissolved Ministry of Social Security) to the newly created Department of Health and Social Security (DHSS). Twenty years later, these functions were split back into two government departments, forming the Department of Social Security (DSS) and the current Department of Health.
LocationThe Department's headquarters and ministerial offices are in Richmond House (Whitehall, London). Its other principal offices are Skipton House (Elephant and Castle), Wellington House near Waterloo station and Quarry House in Leeds. Wellington House is now mainly occupied by staff from the department's arms... ... (English)
Nearby sights panorama
Ludgate Hill railway station (1894m)
Elephant & Castle tube station (1983m)
Princess's Theatre, London (1717m)
Norman Shaw Buildings (51m)
Red Lion, Westminster (55m)
The Cenotaph, Whitehall (62m)
Harry Fainlight (62m)
Richmond House (73m)
New Scotland Yard (77m)
Portcullis House (136m)
Ministry of Defence (Norway) (156m)
Cabinet Office (157m)
Westminster Millennium Pier (157m)
Korean War Memorial, London (164m)
Westminster tube station (168m)