Virtual tour of National Roman Museum. Panorama of National Roman Museum. Maps, travel, photos, videos.

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Description  panorama

National Roman Museum

POI: 41.901389, 12.498333
The National Roman Museum (in Italian: Museo Nazionale Romano) is a museum, with several branches in separate buildings throughout the city of Rome, Italy. Founded in 1889 and inaugurated in 1890, the museum's first aim was to collect and exhibit archaeologic materials unearthed during the excavations after the union of Rome to the Italian Kingdom. The initial core of its collection originated from the Kircherian Museum, archaeologic works assembled by the antiquarian and Jesuit priest, Athanasius Kircher, which previously had been housed within the Jesuit complex of Sant'Ignazio. The collection was appropriated by the state in 1874, after the suppression of the Society of Jesus. Renamed initially as the Royal Museum, the collection was intended to be moved to a Museo Tiberino (Tiberine Museum), which was never completed. In 1901 the State granted the National Roman Museum the recently acquired Collection Ludovisi as well as the important national collection of Ancient Sculpture. Findings during the urban renewal of the late 19th century added to the collections. In 1913, a ministerial decree sanctioned the division of the collection of the Museo Kircheriano among all the different museums that over the last decades had been established, such as the National Roman Museum, the National Etruscan Museum of Villa Giulia, the Museum of Castel Sant'Angelo. Its seat was established in the Charterhouse designed and realised in the 16th century by Michelangelo within the Baths of Diocletian, which currently houses the Epigraphic and the Protohistoric sections of the modern Museum, while the main collection of Ancient Art was moved to the nearby Palazzo Massimo alle Terme, acquired by the Italian State in 1981. The reconversion of the environments of the ancient Bath-houses/Charterhouse into an exhibition space began on the occasion of the International Exhibition of Art of 1911; this effort was completed in the 1930s.
Palazzo Massimo alle Terme
History of the building
The palace was built on the site once occupied by the Villa Montalto-Peretti, named after Pope Sixtus V, who had been born Francesco Peretti. The present building was commissioned by Prince Massimiliano Massimo, so as to give a seat to the Jesuit Collegio Romano, originally within the convent of the church of Sant'Ignazio. In 1871, the Collegio had been ousted from the convent by the State which converted it into the Liceo Visconti, the first public secular high school of Italy. Erected between 1883 and 1887 by the architect Camillo Pistrucci in aneo-cinquecentesco style, it was one of the most prestigious schools of Rome until 1960. During World War II, it was partially used as a military hospital, but it then returned to scholastic functions until the 60s, when it was moved to a newer seat in the EUR quarter. In 1981, lying in a state of neglect, the Italian State acquired it for 19 billion lire and granted it to the National Roman Museum. Its restoration and adaptation began in...   ... (English)
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by Panoramio
Roma: Piazza della Repubblica
Roma: Piazza della Repubblica
Claudio e Lorella
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Roma, MNR terme di Diocleziano: il cortile d'ingresso
Roma, MNR terme di Diocleziano: il cortile d'ingresso
Vincenzo Surace
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Santa Maria degli Angeli
Santa Maria degli Angeli
Markus Källander
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Italia, Roma, Teatro dell' Opera (dedicato per Adamo - Mahlerer)
Italia, Roma, Teatro dell' Opera (dedicato per Adamo - Mahlerer)
luca ©
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Roma Termini tren geltokia
Roma Termini tren geltokia
Iñaki Lasa Rodríguez
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Roma, piazza della Repubblica (già dell'Exedra)
Roma, piazza della Repubblica (già dell'Exedra)
Vincenzo Surace
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Stazione Termini
Stazione Termini
Antonio Biondi
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