Virtual tour of Roman Empire. Panorama of Roman Empire. Maps, travel, photos, videos.

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Roman Empire

POI: 41.900000, 12.500000
The Roman Empire (Latin: Imperium Rōmānum; Classical Latin: [ɪmˈpɛ.ri.ũː roːˈmaː.nũː] Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr. Basileia tōn Rhōmaiōn) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia. The city of Rome was the largest city in the world c. 100 BC – c. 400 AD, with Constantinople (New Rome) becoming the largest around 500 AD, and the Empire's populace grew to an estimated 50 to 90 million inhabitants (roughly 20% of the world's population at the time). The 500-year-old republic which preceded it was severely destabilized in a series of civil wars and political conflict, during which Julius Caesar was appointed as perpetual dictator and then assassinated in 44 BC. Civil wars and executions continued, culminating in the victory of Octavian, Caesar's adopted son, over Mark Antony and Cleopatra at the Battle of Actium in 31 BC and the annexation of Egypt. Octavian's power was then unassailable and in 27 BC the Roman Senate formally granted him overarching power and the new title Augustus, effectively marking the end of the Roman Republic. The imperial period of Rome lasted approximately 1,500 years compared to the 500 years of the Republican era. The first two centuries of the empire's existence were a period of unprecedented political stability and prosperity known as the Pax Romana, or "Roman Peace". Following Octavian's victory, the size of the empire was dramatically increased. After the assassination of Caligula in 41, the senate briefly considered restoring the republic, but the Praetorian Guard proclaimed Claudius emperor instead. Under Claudius, the empire invaded Britannia, its first major expansion since Augustus. After Claudius' successor, Nero, committed suicide in 68, the empire suffered a series of brief civil wars, as well as a concurrent major rebellion in Judea, during which four different legionary generals were proclaimed emperor. Vespasian emerged triumphant in 69, establishing the Flavian dynasty, before being succeeded by his son Titus, who opened the Colosseum shortly after the eruption of Mount Vesuvius. His short reign was followed by the long reign of his brother Domitian, who was eventually assassinated. The senate then appointed the first of the Five Good Emperors. The empire reached its greatest extent under Trajan, the second in this line. A period of increasing trouble and decline began with the reign of Commodus. Commodus' assassination in 192 triggered the Year of the Five Emperors, of which Septimius Severus emerged victorious. The assassination of Alexander Severus in 235 led to the Crisis of the Third Century in which 26 men were declared emperor by the Roman Senate over a fifty-year time span. It was not until the reign of Diocletian that the empire was fully stabilized with the introduction of the Tetrarchy, which saw four emperors rule the...   ... (English)
Römische Kaiserzeit - Deutsch -> English  
Romeinse Keizerrijk - Nederlandse -> English  
Римская империя - Русский -> English  
Empire romain - Français -> English  
Cesarstwo Rzymskie - Polska -> English  
Римська імперія - Український -> English  
Impero romano - Italiano -> English  
Imperio romano - Español -> English  
ローマ帝国 - 日本語 -> English  
Imperi Romà - Català -> English  
Římská říše - České -> English  
Римско царство - Српска -> English  
Império Romano - Português -> English  
Romos imperija - Lietuvos -> English  
Det romerske keiserriket - Norske -> English  
Romerska kejsardömet - Svenska -> English  
Római Birodalom - Magyar -> English  
Romerriget - Danske -> English  
Rooman keisarikunta - Suomalainen -> English  
羅馬帝國 - 简体中文 -> English  
by Panoramio
Roma Termini tren geltokia
Roma Termini tren geltokia
Iñaki Lasa Rodríguez
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Stazione Termini
Stazione Termini
Antonio Biondi
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Roma Stazione Termini 1989-© by leo1383
Roma Stazione Termini 1989-© by leo1383
leo1383
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Santa Maria di Maggiore
Santa Maria di Maggiore
Markus Källander
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Bazylika Santa Maria Maggiore - Kaplica Betlejemska - szczątki żłobka -Rzym
Bazylika Santa Maria Maggiore - Kaplica Betlejemska - szczątki żłobka -Rzym
romulus111
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Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore night view
Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore night view
GuoJunjun
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L'attesa - Love waiting -  gillos
L'attesa - Love waiting - gillos
gillos - sergio
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