Virtual tour of Belém (Lisbon). Panorama of Belém (Lisbon). Maps, travel, photos, videos.

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Belém (Lisbon)

POI: 38.699511, -9.208696
Belém (Portuguese pronunciation: [bɨˈlɐ̃ȷ̃]), whose name is derived from the Portuguese word for Bethlehem, is the southwesternmost civil parish of the municipality of Lisbon. Until 2012, the area of Belém had its own historic parish, named Santa Maria de Belém. In 2012, the Administrative Reform of Lisbon resulted in the merging of the latter and the parish of São Francisco Xavier, thus creating the new parish of Belém. Located at the mouth of the River Tagus, it is located 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) west of the city centre and 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) west of Ponte 25 de Abril (25th of April Bridge). Many of Portugal's distinctive buildings and landmarks are located in this area, including the Jerónimos Monastery and the Tower of Belém. The population in 2011 was 16,528, in an area of 10.43 km².
History
Archaeological evidence discovered along the margins of the Tagus indicates that human occupation in the area of Belém dates to the Paleolithic era.
Middle Ages
With the establishment of the Kingdom of Portugal by Afonso III, royal surveys, or inquirições gerais (general inquiries), were made at his command to inspect titles of lands claimed by the nobility and clergy, determined that the population around Lisbon was dispersed throughout the lowlands, which were suitable for agriculture. Consequently, Belém was connected to the neighbouring city by a bridge at Alcântara. Belém's proximity to the River Tagus also encouraged the development of commercial activities in the small village of Aldeia do Restelo, which attracted mariners and other seafarers seeking safe anchorage and protection from the winds when they entered the river. In the 14th century, Moors settled on and cultivated the surrounding lands, providing the city with produce; other Moors, both free and enslaved, worked in the fishing industry. Meanwhile, settlement in Restelo grew slowly towards Lisbon. It was "to give religious and spiritual support" to the villagers that Henry the Navigator, as Governor in the military-religious Order of Christ, initiated construction near the fishing port of a small church dedicated to Saint Mary. Henry also ordered the construction of a fountain and water trough in 1460 to provide drinking water for the people and their animals. The foundation of the church and the Jerónimos Monastery by Manuel I around 1459 on the site of the older church resulted in its transfer from the Order of Christ to the Hieronymite monks, and at the same time in its being renamed Santa Maria de Belém. The existing structure was started on the orders of Manuel I (1469–1521) at the courts of Montemor-o-Velho in 1495, as a final resting-place for members of the House of Aviz, in his belief that an Iberian dynastic kingdom would rule after his death. In 1496, King Manuel petitioned the Holy See for permission to construct a monastery at the entrance of the Tagus River. It was after the arrival of Vasco da Gama a year later with samples of gold he had discovered that the monastery...   ... (English)
Belém (Lissabon) - Deutsch -> English  Suomalainen -> English  
Santa Maria de Belém - Nederlandse -> English  Italiano -> English  Español -> English  Català -> English  České -> English  Português -> English  
Санта-Мария-де-Белен - Русский -> English  
Belém (Lisbonne) - Français -> English  
Belém (dzielnica Lizbony) - Polska -> English  
サンタマリア・デ・ベレン - 日本語 -> English  
Belém, Lissabon - Svenska -> English  
Belém (Portugália) - Magyar -> English  
贝伦区 - 简体中文 -> English  
by Panoramio
Viatge a Lisboa 1 - 4 decembre 2005 016
Viatge a Lisboa 1 - 4 decembre 2005 016
"Cavallot de Campos-Mallorca"
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Monasteiro dos Jeronimos, Belem 12/05
Monasteiro dos Jeronimos, Belem 12/05
dmtr76
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PORTUGAL  Monasterio de los Jerónimos, Belem
PORTUGAL Monasterio de los Jerónimos, Belem
Talavan
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Mosteiro dos Jerónimos, Belém, Lisboa, Portugal
Mosteiro dos Jerónimos, Belém, Lisboa, Portugal
Hans Sterkendries
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Mosteiro dos Jerónimos
Mosteiro dos Jerónimos
Dejah
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Inside God House
Inside God House
Giampaolo Macorig
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mosteiro dos Jeronimos
mosteiro dos Jeronimos
patano
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