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Patriarchate of Lisbon

POI: 38.714722, -9.127500
The Patriarchate of Lisbon (Latin: Patriarchatus Ulixbonensis) is an Archdiocese of the Roman Rite of the Roman Catholic Church based in Lisbon, Portugal. The diocese is said to have existed since the first century, but historical evidence shows its existence only since the 4th century.
History
The diocese of Lisbon was created in the 4th century, but it lay vacant after 716 when the city was captured by the Moors, notwithstanding that there are references to Mozarabic bishops of the Mozarabic Rite in that period. The diocese was restored when the city was recaptured by Alfonso I of Portugal during the Second Crusade in 1147 during the siege of Lisbon. A crusader's account of that event refers to the local "elderly Bishop of the city" being slain "against all right and justice", by marauding Flemish and German crusaders, in direct defiance of the terms of the city's rendition. As Portugal grew in political importance and colonial possessions the jurisdiction of the Metropolitan of Lisbon expanded; Stadel says in his Compendium geographiae ecclesiasticae universalis (1712) that Coimbra, Leiria, Portalegre, Elvas, Funchal, Angra, Congo, St. James of Cape Verde, São Tomé, and Baia of All Saints were suffragans of Lisbon. As a reward for its assistance against the Turks, Pope Clement XI in 1708 raised the Chapel of the Royal Palace to Collegiate rank and associated with it three parishes in the dioceses of Braganza and Lamego. Later, yielding to the request of King John V, he issued the Bull In Supremo Apostolatus Solio (22 October 1716) — known as the Golden Bull because the seal or bulla was affixed with gold instead of lead — giving the collegiate chapel cathedral rank, with metropolitical rights, and conferring on its titular the rank of patriarch. The city of Lisbon was ecclesiastically divided into Eastern and Western Lisbon. The former Archbishop of Lisbon retained jurisdiction over Eastern Lisbon, and had as suffragan dioceses those of Guarda, Portalegre, St. James of Cape Verde, São Tomé, and São Salvador in Congo. Western Lisbon and metropolitan rights over Leiria, Lamego, Funchal, and Angra, together with elaborate privileges and honours were granted to the new patriarch and his successors. It was further agreed between pope and king that the Patriarch of Lisbon should be made a cardinal at the first consistory following his appointment. The first Patriarch of Lisbon was Tomás de Almeida (1670–1754), formerly Bishop of Porto; he was raised to the cardinalate on 20 December 1737 by Pope Clement XII. There thus existed side by side in the city of Lisbon two metropolitical churches. To obviate the inconvenience of this arrangement Pope Benedict XIV (13 December 1740) united East and West Lisbon into one single archdiocese under Patriarch Almeida, who ruled the see until his death in 1754. The double chapter however remained until 1843, when the old cathedral chapter was dissolved by Pope Gregory XVI. It was during the patriarchate of Cardinal...   ... (English)
Patriarchat von Lissabon - Deutsch -> English  
Patriarchaat Lissabon - Nederlandse -> English  
Патриархат Лиссабона - Русский -> English  
Patriarcat de Lisbonne - Français -> English  
Patriarchat Lizbony - Polska -> English  
Patriarcato di Lisbona - Italiano -> English  
Patriarcado de Lisboa - Español -> English  Português -> English  
Patriarcat de Lisboa - Català -> English  
Patriarkatet Lisboa - Norske -> English  
Lisszaboni püspökök, érsekek és pátriárkák listája - Magyar -> English  
天主教里斯本宗主教區 - 简体中文 -> English  
by Panoramio
Panteão Nacional
Panteão Nacional
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Lisbonne : l'Alfama
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28 da Carris na R. da Voz do Operário, S.V.de Fora - Lisboa
28 da Carris na R. da Voz do Operário, S.V.de Fora - Lisboa
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Igreja de São Vicente de Fora - Lisboa (Dedico a Alfredo Henriques)
Igreja de São Vicente de Fora - Lisboa (Dedico a Alfredo Henriques)
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Mein Lissabon (12)
Mein Lissabon (12)
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Lisbon
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Alfama e São Vicente de Fora
Alfama e São Vicente de Fora
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