Virtual tour of Santa Apolónia railway station. Panorama of Santa Apolónia railway station. Maps, travel, photos, videos.

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Santa Apolónia railway station

POI: 38.714000, -9.122778
The Santa Apolónia Station is oldest railway terminus in Portugal. Situated in the civil parish, in the central part of the municipality of Lisbon, on the northern margin of the Tagus River in the historical district of Alfama.
History
In December 1844, under the initiative of José Bernardo da Costa Cabral, the Companhia das Obras Públicas was founded, with the purpose of constructing a rail line between Lisbon and Spain, in addition to intermodal station between rail and maritime services. The station was known as the Cais da América or Cais da Europa, and allowed rail passengers from Europe to offload to ships for America. The initial project was for the construction at the Cais dos Soldados (Soldiers Wharf). Meanwhile, in December 1852, the engineer Thomaz Rumball proposed two alternatives, alongside the Museu Militar de Lisboa (Military Museum of Lisbon), or in the proximity of the Largo do Intendente. Another engineer, Harcourt White, also rejected the option of Cais dos Soldades on January 1853, affirming that there did not exist, in that local, sufficient space to construct a station. He suggested that the station be implanted along the river, after the Church of Anjos in Xabregas, where at the time there was free space. An executive committee was nominated to plan the construction of the Lisbon station, proposing the construction of a building along Rocha do Conde de Óbidos, with the capacity to receive passengers and commerce, with one of the lines continuing to area around the customs house in Terreiro do Paço. The construction project to Spain, therefore, began this year, under orders of Fontes Pereira de Melo, The actual project to construct the station at Cais dos Soldados was approved by the government on 8 March 1854. The plan presented a station that included distinctive elements for commercial and passenger traffic, repair workshops, warehouses and services. For the passenger terminal, the government acquired the old Convent of Santa Apolónia, but the former army arsenal in the location was demolished to make way for the final design. From the beginning, the rail line and the commercial wharf required that land be reclaimed along the Tagus River. At the inauguration of the first link of the Caminho de Ferro do Leste (Eastern line), between Carregado and Lisboa, on 28 September 1856, the construction of the station had not already begun. In the meantime, the terminal was installed in the provisionary building along the Palácio de Coimbra (Palace of Coimbra). The project was designed by Angel Arribas Ugarte, and directed by director João Evangelista de Abreu, and his chief engineer Lecrenier, and constructed by the company Oppermann. The station was inaugurated on 1 May 1865, with the first, with the first line to the station beginning operation in 1873, to connect Santa Apolónia to Santos. Between 1891 and 1957 most passenger services at Santa Apolónia moved to Rossio Train Station, then referred to as the Central Station...   ... (English)
Bahnhof Lissabon Santa Apolónia - Deutsch -> English  
Санта-Аполония - Русский -> English  
Gare de Lisbonne-Santa Apolónia - Français -> English  
Lisboa Santa Apolonia - Polska -> English  
Estación de Santa Apolónia - Español -> English  
サンタ・アポローニャ駅 - 日本語 -> English  
Estação Ferroviária de Lisboa-Santa Apolónia - Português -> English  
Santa Apolónia pályaudvar - Magyar -> English  
聖阿波隆尼亞車站 - 简体中文 -> English  
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