Virtual tour of Saint Petersburg. Panorama of Saint Petersburg. Maps, travel, photos, videos.

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Description  panorama

Saint Petersburg

POI: 59.950000, 30.316667
Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, tr. Sankt-Peterburg; IPA: [ˈsankt pʲɪtʲɪrˈburk]) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with five million inhabitants in 2012, and an important Russian port on the Baltic Sea. It is politically incorporated as a federal subject (a federal city). Situated on the Neva River, at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic Sea, it was founded by Tsar Peter the Great on May 27 [O.S. 16] 1703. In 1914, the name was changed from Saint Petersburg to Petrograd (Russian: Петрогра́д; IPA: [pʲɪtrɐˈgrat]), in 1924 to Leningrad (Russian: Ленингра́д; IPA: [lʲɪnʲɪnˈgrat]), and in 1991 back to Saint Petersburg. Between 1713–1728 and 1732–1918, Saint Petersburg was the imperial capital of Russia. In 1918, the central government bodies moved to Moscow. Saint Petersburg is the most Westernized city of Russia, as well as its cultural capital. The Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments constitute a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Saint Petersburg is home to The Hermitage, one of the largest art museums in the world. A large number of foreign consulates, international corporations, banks, and businesses have offices in Saint Petersburg.
History
Before 1900
Swedish colonists built Nyenskans, a fortress, at the mouth of the Neva River in 1611, in a land then called Ingermanland, that was inhabited by Finnic tribe of Ingrians. A small town called "Nyen" grew up around it. Peter the Great was interested in seafaring and maritime affairs, and he intended to have Russia gain a seaport in order to be able to trade with other maritime nations. He needed a better seaport than Arkhangelsk, which was on the White Sea to the north and closed to shipping for months during the winter. On May 12 [O.S. 1] 1703, during the Great Northern War, Peter the Great captured Nyenskans, and soon replaced the fortress. On May 27 [O.S. 16] 1703, closer to the estuary 5 km (3 mi) inland from the gulf), on Zayachy (Hare) Island, he laid down the Peter and Paul Fortress, which became the first brick and stone building of the new city. The city was built by conscripted peasants from all over Russia; a number of Swedish prisoners of war were also involved in some years under the supervision of Alexander Menshikov. Tens of thousands of serfs died building the city. Later, the city became the centre of the Saint Petersburg Governorate. Peter moved the capital from Moscow to Saint Petersburg in 1712, 9 years before the Treaty of Nystad of 1721 ended the war; he referred to Saint Petersburg as the capital (or seat of government) as early as 1704. During its first few years, the city developed around Trinity Square on the right bank of the Neva, near the Peter and Paul Fortress. However, Saint Petersburg soon started to be built out according to a plan. By 1716 the Swiss Italian Domenico Trezzini had elaborated a project whereby the city centre would be located on Vasilyevsky Island and shaped by a rectangular grid of...   ... (English)
Sankt Petersburg - Deutsch -> English  Svenska -> English  
Sint-Petersburg - Nederlandse -> English  
Санкт-Петербург - Русский -> English  Український -> English  
Saint-Pétersbourg - Français -> English  
Petersburg - Polska -> English  
San Pietroburgo - Italiano -> English  
San Petersburgo - Español -> English  
サンクトペテルブルク - 日本語 -> English  
Sant Petersburg - Català -> English  
Petrohrad - České -> English  
Санкт Петербург - Српска -> English  
São Petersburgo - Português -> English  
Sankt Peterburgas - Lietuvos -> English  
St. Petersburg - Norske -> English  
Szentpétervár - Magyar -> English  
Sankt Petersborg - Danske -> English  
Pietari (kaupunki) - Suomalainen -> English  
圣彼得堡 - 简体中文 -> English  
by Panoramio
IL PONTE
IL PONTE
Cinthia & .....
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Moika river. Saint Petersburg
Moika river. Saint Petersburg
Alina Sbitneva
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SCALA, MUSEO HERMITAGE, SAINT PETERSBURG (RUSSIA)
SCALA, MUSEO HERMITAGE, SAINT PETERSBURG (RUSSIA)
Cinthia & .....
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PARTICOLARE DEL SOFFITTO DI UN  CORRIDOIO DELL'HERMITAGE, SAINT PETERSBURG, RUSSIA
PARTICOLARE DEL SOFFITTO DI UN CORRIDOIO DELL'HERMITAGE, SAINT PETERSBURG, RUSSIA
Cinthia & .....
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st-2
st-2
Dmitry Andreev
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PARTICOLARE DELLA CHIESA DEL SALVATORE DEL SANGUE VERSATO, SAINT PETERSBURG (RUSSIA)
PARTICOLARE DELLA CHIESA DEL SALVATORE DEL SANGUE VERSATO, SAINT PETERSBURG (RUSSIA)
Cinthia & .....
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Drawbridge Piterburg\\\\\Мост
Drawbridge Piterburg\\\\\Мост
WERMUT
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