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Marine Corps War Memorial

POI: 38.890472, -77.069681
The United States Marine Corps War Memorial (Iwo Jima Memorial) is a national monument in Arlington, Virginia, United States. Dedicated 62 years ago in 1954, it is located in Arlington Ridge Park, at the back entrance to Arlington National Cemetery and next to the Netherlands Carillon. The war memorial is dedicated to all U.S. Marine Corps personnel who have died in the defense of the United States since 1775. The memorial was inspired by the iconic 1945 photograph of six Marines raising a U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi during the Battle of Iwo Jima in World War II. It was taken by Associated Press combat photographer Joe Rosenthal. Upon first seeing the photograph, sculptor Felix de Weldon created a maquette for a sculpture based on the photo in a single weekend at Patuxent River Naval Air Station in Maryland, where he was serving in the Navy. He and architect Horace W. Peaslee designed the memorial. Their proposal was presented to Congress, but funding was not possible during the war. In 1947, a federal foundation was established to raise funds for the memorial.
History
The centerpiece of the memorial is a colossal sculpture group depicting the six Marines who raised the second (and larger) replacement U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi on February 23, 1945. They were: Marine Sergeant Michael Strank, Corporal Harlon Block, Private First Class Rene Gagnon, Private First Class Ira Hayes, Private First Class Franklin Sousley, and Private First Class Harold Schultz. The flag-raising also was recorded by Marine Sergeant Bill Genaust, a combat motion picture cameraman, who filmed the event in color while standing beside Rosenthal. Genaust's footage was included in the 1945 newsreel "Carriers Hit Tokyo," and established that the second flag raising was not staged. He was killed by the Japanese after entering a cave on Iwo Jima during the battle. Genaust's remains have never been found. The commission for the memorial was awarded in 1951. De Weldon spent three years creating a full-sized master model in plaster, with figures 32 feet (9.8 m) tall. This was disassembled like a giant puzzle, and each piece was separately cast in bronze. Peaslee's base for the memorial is made of black diabase granite from a quarry in Lönsboda, a small town in the southernmost province of Sweden. It features a number of inscriptions. Groundbreaking was held on February 19, 1954. Construction of the memorial began in September. The bronze pieces of the sculpture were assembled, to which was added a 60 feet (18 m) flagpole. The total cost of the memorial was $850,000, including the development of the site. It was paid for with donations from U.S. Marines, former Marines, Marine Corps Reservists, friends of the Marine Corps, and members of the Naval Service; no public funds were used. The memorial was dedicated on November 10, 1954, the 179th anniversary of the founding of the Marine Corps.The Presiding officials included President Dwight D. Eisenhower, Vice President Richard...   ... (English)
United States Marine Corps War Memorial - Deutsch -> English  
Мемориал Корпуса морской пехоты США - Русский -> English  
USMC War Memorial - Français -> English  
Marine Corps War Memorial - Polska -> English  Italiano -> English  
Memorial de Guerra del Cuerpo de Marines de Estados Unidos - Español -> English  
Památník americké námořní pěchoty - České -> English  
US Marine Corps War Memorial - Svenska -> English  
by Panoramio
US Marine Memorial - 199806LJW
US Marine Memorial - 199806LJW
Larry Workman QIN
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War Memorial 2, Washington D.C. december 1997
War Memorial 2, Washington D.C. december 1997
Marco Ferrari
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War Memorial 1, Washington D.C. december 1997
War Memorial 1, Washington D.C. december 1997
Marco Ferrari
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084 Washington D.C., Marine Corps War Memorial
084 Washington D.C., Marine Corps War Memorial
Daniel Meyer
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USA- Washington-Iwo Jma Memorial
USA- Washington-Iwo Jma Memorial
OT46
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War Memorial 3, Washington december 1997
War Memorial 3, Washington december 1997
Marco Ferrari
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War Memorial 3, Washington december 1997
War Memorial 3, Washington december 1997
Marco Ferrari
go place