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Pennsylvania Station (New York City)

POI: 40.750638, -73.993899
Pennsylvania Station, also known as New York Penn Station or Penn Station, is the main intercity railroad station in New York City. Serving more than 600,000 commuter rail and Amtrak passengers a day, it is the busiest passenger transportation facility in North America. Penn Station is in the midtown area of Manhattan, close to Herald Square, the Empire State Building, Koreatown, and the Macy's department store. Entirely underground, it sits beneath Madison Square Garden, between Seventh Avenue and Eighth Avenue and between 31st and 34th Streets. Penn Station has 21 tracks fed by seven tunnels (the Hudson River Tunnels, the East River Tunnels, and the Empire Connection tunnel). It is at the center of the Northeast Corridor, a passenger rail line that connects New York City with Boston, Philadelphia, Washington, D.C., and intermediate points. Intercity trains are operated by Amtrak, which owns the station, while commuter rail services are operated by the Long Island Rail Road (LIRR) and New Jersey Transit. Connections are available within the complex to the New York City Subway, and buses. Another important possible connection could be there with the PATH (rail system), if was reopen the old Hilton Corridor. The original Pennsylvania Station was built from 1901-1910 by the Pennsylvania Railroad, and featured an ornate marble and granite station house and train shed inspired by the Gare d'Orsay in Paris (the world's first electrified rail terminal). After a decline in passenger usage during the 1950s, the original station was demolished and reconstructed from 1963 to 1969, resulting in the current station. Future plans for Penn Station include the Gateway Project and the possibility of shifting some trains to the adjacent Farley Post Office, a building designed by the same architects as the original 1910 station.
History
Pennsylvania Station is named for the Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR), its builder and original tenant, and shares its name with several stations in other cities. The current facility is the substantially remodeled underground remnant of a much grander station building designed by McKim, Mead, and White and completed in 1910. The original Pennsylvania Station was considered a masterpiece of the Beaux-Arts style, but was demolished in 1963. The station was moved fully underground, beneath the newly constructed Pennsylvania Plaza complex and Madison Square Garden arena completed in 1968.
Planning and construction (1901–1910)
Until the early 20th century, the PRR's rail network terminated on the western side of the Hudson River (once known locally as the North River) at Exchange Place in Jersey City, New Jersey. Manhattan-bound passengers boarded ferries to cross the Hudson River for the final stretch of their journey. The rival New York Central Railroad's line ran down Manhattan from the north under Park Avenue and terminated at Grand Central Terminal at 42nd St. The Pennsylvania Railroad considered building a rail bridge across...   ... (English)
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by Panoramio
Inside the Madison Square Garden
Inside the Madison Square Garden
Axel Hölzinger
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“Neither snow nor rain nor heat nor gloom of night stays these couriers from the swift completion of their appointed rounds.” — New York’s General Post Office, Open 24/7 [001240b]
“Neither snow nor rain nor heat nor gloom of night stays these couriers from the swift completion of their appointed rounds.” — New York’s General Post Office, Open 24/7 [001240b]
Thorsten
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Traffic in Manhattan
Traffic in Manhattan
Axel Hölzinger
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[ 3D ] Madison Square Garden Stereo Photo
[ 3D ] Madison Square Garden Stereo Photo
SEIMA
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Old car on W 34th. St.
Old car on W 34th. St.
H. C. Steensen
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New York , New York!  "headless girls"
New York , New York! "headless girls"
A.UG
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EMPIRE BY NIGHT
EMPIRE BY NIGHT
Fabio Belli FABIOSO
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