Virtual tour of Leonine City. Panorama of Leonine City. Maps, travel, photos, videos.

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Description  panorama

Leonine City

POI: 41.903056, 12.459722
The Leonine City (Latin: Civitas Leonina) is the part of the city of Rome around which the ninth-century Pope Leo IV commissioned the construction of the Leonine Wall. It is on the opposite side of the Tiber from the seven hills of Rome and was not enclosed within the ancient city's Aurelian Walls, built between 271 and 275. The Vatican City is within the enclosed area, but the Leonine City, containing also the Roman rione of Borgo, is much more extensive than the tiny Vatican City.
History
The Leonine Wall, which defines the Leonine City, was constructed by Pope Leo IV following the sacking by Muslim raiders of Old St. Peter's Basilica in 846. Built from 848 to 852 as the only extension ever made to the walls of Rome, this three-kilometre wall completely encircled the Vatican Hill for the first time in its history. An abortive start had been made by Leo III, but disturbances in the city had suspended work, and the Romans dismantled the sections that had been begun and used them in private constructions. Pope Leo IV used his estate workers, inhabitants from the surrounding countryside, Saracens captured after the sea battle of Ostia in 849 and funding from an imperial Frankish donation, to construct the wall, which ran in an enclosing U-shape from the riverbank at Hadrian's Mausoleum, soon to be Christened the Castel Sant'Angelo, up the slopes of the Vatican hill encircling the basilica and descending again to the river. The walling was constructed of tuff and tiling, forty feet high, with 44 strong towers at bowshot intervals. The massive round corner tower that still crowns the Vatican hill has its origins in this construction campaign. Three new gates gave access to the newly enclosed Borgo. Two were in the stretch of wall that led back from the Castel Sant'Angelo: a small postern gate behind the fortified Mausoleum, called the Posterula S. Angeli and later, from its proximity to the Castello, the Porta Castelli, and a larger one, the principal gate through which emperors passed, near the church of St. Peregrino, called the Porta Peregrini, later the Porta S. Petri. A third gate opened the Leonine City to the rione of Trastevere. A festival celebrated the official completion of the walling, 27 June 852. In addition, chain towers were built along the Tiber river to repel Saracen assaults by water. In 1083, after refusing to crown Henry IV as the next Holy Roman Emperor, Pope Gregory VII found himself under siege within the Leonine City. After Henry took the city, Gregory fled to Castel Sant'Angelo. Gregory attributed the loss of the Leonine City to famine and negligence and not so much to "the courage of Henry's men". Later, more extensive circumvallation was effected under Pope Pius IV (reigned 1559 — 1565), when Leo's walling was broken in places. Three further gates had been opened in the walls. In 1870, when the military forces of the Kingdom of Italy captured Rome, overthrowing what was left of the Papal States, the Italian government...   ... (English)
Leoninische Mauer - Deutsch -> English  
Леонинская стена - Русский -> English  
Cité léonine - Français -> English  
Mura leonine - Italiano -> English  
Ciudad leonina - Español -> English  
Ciutat lleonina - Català -> English  
Leonské hradby - České -> English  
Cidade Leonina - Português -> English  
by Panoramio
Contest novembre
Contest novembre
juncujuncu
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Panorama Piazza San Pietro at Night
Panorama Piazza San Pietro at Night
SEIMA
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Panorama Piazza San Pietro at Night
Panorama Piazza San Pietro at Night
SEIMA
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The Papal Basilica of Saint Peter and Pope's House
The Papal Basilica of Saint Peter and Pope's House
Oram
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Contest novembre
Contest novembre
juncujuncu
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Saint Peter's Square / Vatican / Rome
Saint Peter's Square / Vatican / Rome
Rafal Ociepka
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Rom / Saint Peter's Square
Rom / Saint Peter's Square
Adam Welber
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